Forms of Pilgrimage
if a pilgrim makes intentions to perform Qiran or Ifraad he is allowed
to change his intentions to Tamattu'; he can do this even after he has
performed Tawaf and Sa'yi.
When the Prophet - may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him- performed Tawaf and Sa'yi during the year of the Farewell Hajj with his companions, he ordered all those who hadn't brought sacrificial animals to change their intentions for Hajj to intentions for Umrah. cut their hair, and disengage from Ihram till Hajj. He said, " If I hadn't brought the sacrificial animal, I'd have done what I've ordered you to do."
he finishes his prayer he should say: "Here I am for Umrah--here I
am, Oh Allah, here I am. Here I am. You have no partner. Here I am.
Surely all praise, grace and dominion is yours, and you have no
should say the Talbeeyah during Umrah, starting from the time he puts on
his Ihram till he starts Tawaf. During Hajj he should say it starting
from the time he puts on his Ihram till he starts to stone Jamrah
When a pilgrim enters the Holy Mosque he puts forth his right foot first and says: "In the name of Allah, may peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah. Oh Allah, forgive me my sins and open to me the doors of Your mercy. I seek refuge in Allah the Almighty and in His Eminent Face and in His Eternal Dominion from the accursed Satan." He approaches the Black Stone, touches it with his right hand and kisses it. If this isn't possible, he should face the Black Stone and point to it. It is best not to push and shove, causing harm and being harmed by other people.
pilgrim must walk, keeping the Ka'bah on his left. When he reaches the
Rukn Al Yamani he should touch, but not kiss it, and say: " Our
Lord, grant us good in this life and good in the hereafter and save us
from the punishment of the Hell-fire. Oh Allah, I beg of You for
forgiveness and health in this life and in the Hereafter." Each
time he passes the Black Stone he should say: "Allah is the
the remainder of his Tawaf he may say what he pleases of supplications,
mentioning Allah, and recitation of Quran. This is because Tawaf, Sa'yi,
and Stoning the Jamrah have been devised for the purpose of mentioning
Allah. During this Tawaf it is necessary for a man to do two things:
ascends As-Safaa until he is able to see the Ka'bah. Facing the Ka'bah
and raising his hands, he praises Allah and makes any supplications he
chooses. The Prophet--may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon
him--prayed thus: "There is no Deity but Allah alone," three
times, supplicating in between.
descends As-Safaa and heads for Al- Marwah at a normal pace until he
reaches the green marker. He should then run fast until the next green
marker. He continues toward Al- Marwah at a normal pace. When he reaches
it, he ascends it, faces the Qibla, raises his hands and repeats what he
said on As-Safaa. He descends Al-Marwah heading towards As-Safaa, taking
care to walk where walking is designated, and run where running is
continues this procedure until he completes seven laps. Going from As-Safaa
to Al-Marwah is a lap and returning is another lap. During his Sa'yi he
may recite what he wills of supplications, recitation of Qur'an, and
completion of Sa'yi he shaves his head. A woman clips her hair the
length of a finger tip. Shaving is preferable, except when Hajj is near
and there isn't sufficient time for hair to grow back. In this case it's
best to clip so that hair will remain for shaving during Hajj. With
that, Umrah is completed. and a pilgrim is free to dress in other
clothing, wear perfume and engage in marital relations, etc.
fears that something will prevent him from completing his Hajj he should
make a condition when he makes his intentions, saying: " If I am
prevented by any obstacle my place is wherever I am held up." If he
has no such fear, he doesn't make this condition.
pilgrim goes to Mina and there prays Dhuhr, Asr, Magrib, Isha and Fajr,
shortening his four unit prayers so as to make them two units each,
without combining them.
the sun rises, he goes to Arafah and there prays Dhuhr and Asr combined
at the time of Dhuhr, making each one two units. He remains in Namira
Mosque until sunset if possible. He remembers Allah and makes as many
supplications as possible while facing the Qibla. The Prophet-may the
peace and blessing of Allah be upon him-prayed thus: "There is no
Deity but Allah alone. He has no partner. All dominion and praise are
His and He is powerful over all things.
grows weary it is permissible for him to engage in beneficial
conversation with his companions or reading what he can find of
beneficial books, especially those concerning Allah's grace and abundant
gifts. This will strengthen his hope in Allah. He should then return to
his supplications and be sure to spend the end of the day deep in
supplication because the best of supplication is the supplication of the
day of Arafah.
sunset he goes from Arafah to Muzdalifah and there prays Magrib, Isha,
and Fajr. If he is tired or has little water, it is permissible for him
to combine Magrib and Isha. If he fears that he will not reach
Muzdalifah until after midnight, he should pray before he reaches it for
it is not permissible to delay prayer until after midnight. He remains
there, in Muzdalifah, making supplications and remembering Allah till
just before sunrise.
is weak and cannot handle the crowd during Ar-Ramy, it is permissible
for him to go to Mina at the end of the night to stone the Jamrah before
the arrival of the crowd. Near sunrise, a pilgrim goes from
three should be done in the above order if convenient, but there is no
restriction if one precedes another.
that, one is allowed to come out of Ihram. He can wear other clothing
and do everything that was lawful before Ihram except engaging in
marital relations. He goes to Makkah to perform Tawaf Al-lfadha and
Sa'yi, also for Hajj. It is Sunnah to put perfume on before going to
the completion of this Tawaf and Sa'yi, a pilgrim is allowed to do
everything that was lawful before Ihram, including engaging in marital
relations. After performing Tawaf and Sa'yi, he returns to Mina to spend
the nights of the eleventh and twelfth days there.
stones the three Jamrah in the afternoon of both the eleventh and
twelfth days. He starts with the first Jamrah, which is furthest from
Makkah, then the middle one, and lastly Jamrah Al-Aqaba. Each one should
be stoned with seven consecutive pebbles accompanied by Takbeer. He
stops after the first and middle Jamrah to make supplications facing the
Qibla. It is not permissible to stone before noon on these two days. It
is best to walk to the Jamrah, but riding is permissible.
is in a hurry after stoning on the twelfth day, he leaves Mina before
sunset. But if he wishes to prolong his stay, which is best, he spends
the night of the thirteenth in Mina and stones that afternoon in the
he is ready to return to his country, he makes Tawaf Al-Wadaa, which is
seven circuits around the Ka'bah. Menstruating women and women
experiencing postnatal discharge are not obligated to perform
Visiting The Prophet's Mosque
goes to the grave of the Prophet -may the peace and blessings of Allah
be upon him - and he stands before it. He greets him saying the
"May the peace, mercy, and blessings of Allah be upon you, oh
Prophet. May Allah grant you a good reward on behalf of your people.
" He takes a step or two to his right to position himself before
Abu-Bakr and greets him saying : "May the peace, mercy, and
blessing of Allah be upon you. oh Abu-Bakr, Caliph of the Messenger of
Allah. May Allah be pleased with you and grant you a good reward on
behalf of Muhammad's people." Then he takes a step or two to his
right to position himself before Umar and greets him saying: " May
the peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be upon you, oh Umar, Prince of
the believers. May Allah be pleased with you and grant you a good reward
on behalf of Muhammad's people."
a state of purity, he goes to pray in Qubaa Mosque.
5. He goes to Al-Baqee to visit Uthman's grave- may Allah be pleased with him. He stands before it and greets him saying: "May the peace, mercy and blessing of Allah be upon you, oh Uthman- Prince of the believers. May Allah be pleased with you and grant you a good reward on behalf of Muhammad's people." He greets any other Muslims in Al-Baqee.
goes to Uhud and visits the grave of Hamza- may Allah be pleased with
him- and the other martyrs there with him. He greets them and preys to
Allah to grant them forgiveness, mercy, and pleasure.
That he avoids what Allah has prohibited such as obscenity, inequity,
and disobedience. if anyone undertakes Hajj therein. Let there be no
obscenity, nor wickedness, nor wrangling during Hajj ~ [2:197].
That he avoids harming the Muslims with words or actions within the
Masha'ir or elsewhere.
That he avoids all of the restrictions of Ihram:
The following pertains specifically to men:
permissible for him to wear sandals, rings, glasses, a hearing aid. a
watch, worn on his wrist or hung from his neck, or a speech aid. It is
permissible for him to cleanse himself with unscented cleansers and to
wash and scratch his head and body, even if some of his hair falls
unintentionally. In such a case there is no obligation on him because of
A woman cannot wear a Niqab or Burqa'. The Sunnah is for her to uncover her face except if men not related to her might see her, in which case it is obligatory for her to cover her face during Ihram and otherwise. Allah is the giver of success. May His blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and all of his family and companions.